Information Management & Systems
Previously School of Library & Information Studies

Michael Buckland Professor

1895-2002  FID   Achievements.

<- Austrian postal franking for FID centenary.

The International Federation for Information and Documentation, (FID), founded in Brussels by Paul Otlet and Henri LaFontaine in 1895 to promote universal access to all recorded knowledge.

1895   On 12 September, Henri La Fontaine and Paul Otlet found the Institut International de Bibliography / International Institute for Bibliography in Brussels.
1895   Conférence Bibliographique internationale, Brussels. 55 international conferences through 1994.
1895   The Univeral Bibliographical Repertory is started, reaching 11 million cards by 1914.
1895   Extensive publication programme begins, including many UDC schedules.
1903   The "Monographic principle" of isolating and linking factual elements of text anticipates modern hypertext.
1904-7   First complete edition of the UDC. The Dewey Decimal Classification is substantially adapted with systematic standard subdivisions and an expanded notation into the Universal Decimal Classification (UDC). The UDC is widely adopted, especially in technical libraries. It is the first classification scheme to be based primarily on facets.
1906   Standardized microfiche proposed by Robert Goldschmidt and Paul Otlet.
1924   Re-organized to become an international federation of documentation organizations.
1925   Goldschmidt and Otlet describe a portable microfilm library equal to 468 meters of shelving of conventional books.
1931   Becomes Institut International de Documentation, IID.
1934   Traité de documentation by Paul Otlet published, one of the completest analyses of documentation / information science ever written.
1935   The 1935 International Congress in Copenhagen was especially significant for the discussions of information technology. (Proceedings in IID Communicationes 3 (1936)).
1937   Becomes Federation Internationale de Documentation, FID.
1950s-1960s   Renewed publication program, incl. Otto Frank, Handbuch der Klassification. 1947-60; Manual on Document Reproduction. 4v. + 7 suppl., 1953-60; Otto Frank, Handbuch der Reprographie 4v. 1959-68; On Theoretical Problems of Information, ed. I. A. Mikhailov. Moscow: VINITI, 1969.
1960   Outline of a long-term policy. FID, 1960. (Adopted 1959).
1970s   Renewed research and publication, incl. Sparck Jones, K. & M. Kay. Linguistics and information science. New York: Academic, 1973; Research on the theoretical basis of information, Moscow: VINITI, 1975; Theoretical problems in informatics. Moscow: VINITI, 1979.
1986   Becomes Fédération Internationale d'Information et de Documentation, FID. FID's New Strategic Plan "Participating in Progress" adopted.
1991   New professional programme: Business finance and industrial information; Information policy; Information science; Applied information technology; Information processing and productivity; Information management.
1991   Functions redefined: Education and training; Conferences and services; Publications; Projects; Personal networks; and Consultancy.
1994   New Membership structure approved. Tokyo Resolution: 33 international non-governmental organizations join FID in a strategic alliance to serve better the World Community.
2002   FID is dissolved.

The Mundaneum in Mons, Belgium, houses the archives and museum of Otlet & La Fontaine. This page is based on a leaflet prepared for the Education and Training Committee of FID for the FID centenary in 1995.
Go to FID Centenary Publications or Michael Bucklands's Home Page or History page