Biographical Index to Documentation and Information Science History.

  Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970:
  Pioneer of Information Science.

Emanuel Goldberg, 1881–1970: informasiya elminin pioneri. Azerbaijanian translation by Amir Abbasov, Apr 2020.
Емануел Голдбърг, 1881-1970: пионер на информационните науки. Bulgatian translation by Zlatan Dimitrov, Feb 2020.
伊曼纽尔·戈德堡 (Emanuel Goldberg,1881 – 1970年):信息科学的先锋, Chinese translation by Matthew Ma of Ecigato, Nov 2022.
Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pioneer informační vědy. Czech translation by Ivana Horak, 2017.
*New* Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pioner inden for informationsvidenskab. Danish translation by Romerriket, October 2023.
Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: infoteaduse pioneer. Estonian translation by Martin Aus, 2018.
ემანუელ გოლდბერგი, 1881-1970: საინფორმაციო მეცნიერების პიონერი. Georgian transalation by Ana Mirilashvili, 2018.
Hungarian translation by Elana Pavlet, 2016.
Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pioniere di Scienze dell’informazione. Italian translation by, 2017.
Эмануель Голдберг, 1881-1970: Ақпараттық ғылымның пионері, Kazakh translation by Alana Kerimova, 2018.
*New* 에마누엘 골드버그(Emanuel Goldberg), 1881-1970: 정보 과학의 선구자, Korean translation by PlayerAuctions, Dec 2022.
Емануел Голдберг, 1881-1970: Пионер на информатичката наука, Macedonian translation by Katerina Nestiv, 2016.
Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970. Marathi translation by Naresh Ram, Feb 2022.
Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Foregangsperson til Informasjonsvitenskap. Norwegian translation by Lars Olden, 2018.
Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pioneer Informacji Naukowej, Polish translation by Marek Murawski, 2018,
ਏਮਾਨਵਲ ਗੋਲਡਬਰਗ, 1881-19 70: ਜਾਣਕਾਰੀ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ ਦੇ ਪਾਇਨੀਅਰ, Punjabi translation by Discountcodes, 2018.
Эмануэль Гольдберг, 1881-1970 годы, Russian translation by Alex Marchenko, 2017.
Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pioneer de Ciencias de la Información, Spanish translation by Laura Mancini, 2018.
Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pionjär för informationsvetenskap, Swedish translation by the editorial team, 2018.
Emanuel Goldberg 1881-1970: Bilgi Bilim Öncü, Turkish translation by Zoltan Solak, 2018.
Емануель Голдберг, 1881-1970: Піонер інформаційних наук. Ukrainian translation by, May 2022.
Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: axborot fanining kashshofi. Uzbek translation by Sherali Niyazova, 2018.
For German, Portuguese and Russian see also: Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Ein Lebensbild.

    Emanuel Goldberg (Portrait) was born in Moscow, Russia, in 1881, a chemist, inventor, and industrialist who contributed to almost all aspects of imaging technology in the first half of the twentieth century: photographic sensitometry, reprographics, standardized film speeds, color printing (moiré effect), aerial photography, extreme microphotography (microdots), optics, camera design (the Contax), the important, early hand-held Kinamo movie camera, and early television technology. He received his doctorate from Wilhelm Ostwald's institute in Leipzig in 1906.
    The "Goldberg condition" is a design principle for photography and movie sound tracks.
    In 1933, when head of the world's largest camera firm, Zeiss Ikon in Dresden, Germany, he was kidnapped by Nazis and disappeared into oblivion. In fact, he went first to Paris and then to Tel Aviv, where he set up a precision instruments workshop, which became a major Israeli firm, El-Op. (Photo: Goldberg in workshop, 1943). He died in Tel Aviv in 1970.
    In 1931 he demonstrated in Dresden, London and Paris a "Statistical Machine" which combined photocell, circuitry, and microfilm to make a search engine to find and display stored documents. (Description). His paper on it appears to have remained uncited for fifty years. Vannevar Bush attempted to build a similar machine in 1938-1940, calling it a Microfilm Rapid Selector. Bush's fantasy on what such a machine might do, "As we may think", became famous. Goldberg and his machine were forgotten. (Article on Goldberg, Bush, and retrieval).
    Goldberg lived in distant worlds during exciting times: Czarist Russia; the Kingdom of Saxony; the Weimar Republic; Palestine under the Mandate. He did not reminisce much, even to his children; the records of his firms were destroyed by bombing (Dresden) and flood (Israel); his writings are often in obscure German publications; he burned most of his own papers. His successors (Nazis and communists) did not honor Jewish capitalists. Some contributions in Israel are still classified.
    Biography: Emanuel Goldberg and his knowledge machine: Information, invention, and political forces, by Michael Buckland. (Libraries Unlimited, 2006). Link.
Also: Additions, Corrections, and Reviews.
- German edition entitled: Vom Mikrofilm zur Wissensmaschine: Emanuel Goldberg zwischen Medientechnik und Politik. Avinus Verlag, Berlin, 2010. ISBN 978-3-86938-015-5. Link.   Book review.
For other resources see Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Bibliography.

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