Marti A. Hearst


University of California, Berkeley



  • Stokes, C., Hu, C., and Hearst, M.A., "It's a Good Idea to Put It Into Words": Writing 'Rudders' in the Initial Stages of Visualization Design, IEEE Transations on Visualization and Computer Graphics, to appear.
  • Laban, P., Vig, J., Hearst, M.A., Xiong, C., Wu, C.-S., Beyond the Chat: Executable and Verifiable Text-Editing with LLMs, ACM UIST 2024, conditionally accepted.
  • Lo, K., Chang, J., Head, A., (+ 50 authors), Hearst, M.A., Weld, D.S., The Semantic Reader Project: Augmenting Scholarly Documents through AI-Powered Interactive Reading Interfaces Communications of the ACM, to appear.


  • Stokes, C., Bearfield, C.X, and Hearst, M.A. The Role of Text in Visualizations: How Annotations Shape Perceptions of Bias and Influence Predictions, IEEE Transations on Visualization and Computer Graphics, Dec 1, 2023. paper
  • Hearst, M.A., Show It or Tell It? Text, Visualization, and Their Combination, Communications of the ACM, 66(10), Oct 2023. pdf   (longer preprint: pdf)
  • Lo, K., Shen, Z., Newman, B., Chang, J., Authur, R. Bransom, E., Candra, S., Chandrasekhar, Y., Huff, R., Kuehl, B., Singh, A., Wilhelm, C., Zamarron, A., Hearst, M.A., Weld, D., Downey, D., Soldaini, L. PaperMage: A Unified Toolkit for Processing, Representing, and Manipulating Visually-Rich Scientific Documents, System Demonstrations, EMNLP 2023. pdf
  • Fok, R., Kambhamettu, H., Solaini, L., Bragg, J., Lo, K., Hearst, M.A., Head, A., and Weld, D.S. Scim: Intelligent Skimming Support for Scientific Papers, ACM IUI, March 2023. pdf
  • August, T. , Wang, L., Bragg, J. Hearst, M.A., Head, A., Lo, K. Paper Plain: Making medical research papers approachable to healthcare consumers with natural language processing, ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI), 30(5), Article 74, 2023. paper
  • Duan, P., Hartmann, B., Nguyen, K., Li, Y., Hearst, M.A., and Morris M. R. Towards Semantically-Aware UI Design Tools: Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of Semantic Grouping Guidelines, ICML Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Human-Computer Interaction, July 29, 2023. pdf


  • Stokes, C., Setlur, V., Cogley, B., Satyanarayan, A., & Hearst, M.A. Striking a Balance: Reader Takeaways and Preferences when Integrating Text and Charts, TVCG 2022. pdf   Supplementary at OSF
  • Stokes, C., and Hearst, M. Why More Text is (Often) Better: Themes from Reader Preferences for Integration of Charts and Text, IEEE Vis NLViz Workshop, 2022. pdf
  • Head, A., Xie, A., and Hearst, M.A. Math Augmentation: How Authors Enhance the Readability of Formulas using Novel Visual Design Practices, ACM CHI 2022. pdf  video
  • Stasaski, K. and Hearst, M.A., Semantic Diversity in Dialogue with Natural Language Inference. NAACL 2022. pdf
  • Laban, P., Ye, E., Korlakunta, S., Canny, J., and Hearst, M.A., NewsPod: Automatic and Interactive News Podcasts, ACM IUI 2022  pdf   slides   video demo   video presentation
  • Laban, P., Schnabel, T., Bennett, P.N., and Hearst, M.A., SummaC: Re-Visiting NLI-based Models for Inconsistency Detection in Summarization, Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics (TACL) 10:163-177, 2022. journal website


  • Head, A., Lo, K., Kang, D., Fok, D., Skjonsberg, S., Weld, D.S., and Hearst, M.A., Augmenting Scientific Papers with Just-in-Time, Position-Sensitive Definitions of Terms and Symbols, ACM CHI 2021.
    pdf  talk video  project page
  • Weinman, N., Fox, A., and Hearst, M.A., Improving Instruction of Programming Patterns with Faded Parsons Problems, ACM CHI 2021. pdf   talk video
  • Laban, P., Schnabel, T., Bennet, P., and Hearst, M.A., Keep It Simple: Unsupervised Simplification of Multi-Paragraph Text, ACL 2021. pdf   code  slides
  • Laban, P., Dai, L., Bandarkar, L., and Hearst, M.A., Can Transformer Models Measure Coherence In Text: Re-Thinking the Shuffle Test, ACL 2021. pdf  code  slides
  • Laban, P., Bandarkar, L., and Hearst, M.A., News Headline Grouping as a Challenging NLU Task, NAACL 2021. pdf  code  data  slides
  • Lee, D.J., Tang, D., Agarwal, K., Boonmark, T., Chen, C., Kang, J., Mukhopadhyay, U., Song, J., Yong, M. Hearst, M.A., Parameswaran, Aditya, G. Lux: Always-on Visualization Recommendations for Exploratory Data Science. Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment, 15(3), pp727-738, Nov 2021.  pdf
  • Stokes, C., and Hearst, M.A., Give Text A Chance:Advocating for Equal Consideration for Language and Visualization, NLViz Workshop, IEEE Vis, 2021 pdf  talk video
  • Jo, H., Kang, D., Head, A., Hearst, M.A., Modeling Mathematical Notation Semantics in Academic Papers, Findings of EMNLP 2021. pdf   slides
  • Stasaski, K., Rathod, M., Tu, T., Xiao, Y, and Hearst, M.A., Automatically Generating Cause-and_Effect Questions from Passages, BEA Workshop, EACL 2021. pdf
  • Marriott, K., Lee, B., Butler, M., Cutrell, E, Ellis, K. Goncu, C., Hearst, M., McCoy, K., Szafir, D., Inclusive data visualization for people with disabilities: a call to action. ACM Interactions 28 (3), 47-51, 2021.  html


  • Head, A., Jiang, J., Smith, J., Hearst, M., Hartmann, B., Composing Flexibly-Organized Step-by-Step Tutorials from Linked Source Code, Snippets, and Outputs, ACM CHI 2020. pdf  video
  • Laban, P., Hsi, A., Canny, J., Hearst, M.A., The Summary Loop: Learning to Write Abstractive Summaries Without Examples, ACL 2020. pdf  slides
  • Stasaski, K., Yang, G., and Hearst, M.A., More Diverse Dialogue Datasets via Diversity-Informed Data Collection, ACL 2020. pdf
  • Laban, P., Canny, J., Hearst, M.A., What's The Latest? A Question-driven News Chatbot, systems paper, ACL 2020. pdf  slides
  • Stasaski, K., Kao, K., and Hearst, M.A., Construction of a Large Open Access Dialogue Dataset for Tutoring, BEA Workshop, ACL 2020. pdf
  • Kang, D., Head, A., Sidhu, R., Lo, K., Weld, D.S., Hearst, M.A., Document-Level Definition Detection in Scholarly Documents: Existing Models, Error Analyses, and Future Directions, First Workshop on Scholarly Document Processing, EMNLP 2020.   pdf
  • Hope, T., Portenoy, J., Vasan, K., Borchardt, J., Horvitz, E., Weld, D.S., Hearst, M.A. and West, J., SciSight: Combining faceted navigation and research group detection for COVID-19 exploratory scientific search, systems paper, EMNLP 2020. pdf
  • Weinman, N., Fox, A., and Hearst, M.A.. Exploring challenging variations of parsons problems. Poster in SIGSCE 2020. pdf


  • Hearst, M., Pedersen, E., Patil, L. P., Lee, E., Laskowski, P., and Franconeri, S. An Evaluation of Semantically Grouped Word Cloud Designs. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 2019 pdf  supplemental data  Medium blog post  d3 implementation
  • Hearst, M., and Tory, M. Would You Like A Chart With That? Incorporating Visualizations into Conversational Interfaces, IEEE Vis2019, Short Papers, Vancouver, 2019. pdf   supplement   slides  
  • Hearst, M., Tory, M., and Setlur, V. Toward Interface Defaults for Vague Modifiers in Natural Language Interfaces for Visual Analysis, IEEE Vis2019, Short Papers, Vancouver, 2019. pdf   supplement slides  
  • Alspaugh, S., Zokaei, N., Liu, A., Jin, C., and Hearst, M.A., Futzing and Moseying: Interviews with Professional Data Analysts on Exploration Practices, IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 25 (1), 22-31, 2019 pdf   slides  video of talk
  • DeMasi, O., Hearst, M.A., and Recht, B. Towards augmenting crisis counselor training by improving message retrieval, Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology Workshop (CLPsych), NAACL 2019  pdf



  • Laban, P. and Hearst, M.A., NewsLens: Building and Visualizing Long-Ranging News Stories, Workshop on Events and Stories in the News, ACL 2017. pdf
  • Stasaski, K and Hearst, M.A., Multiple Choice Question Generation Utilizing an Ontology, BEA Workshop, EMNLP 2017.   pdf   supplement
  • Meyer, S., Chen, Y., and Hearst, M.A., Visualizing A Walk in the Random Forest, Proceedings of IEEE Vis (Posters), 2017. pdf   poster   mp4
  • Hearst, M.A. On Teaching Narrative Infographics in an Information Visualization Course, Workshop on Pedagogy of Data Visualization, IEEE Vis, Oct 2, 2017. M. pdf  slides 


  • Hearst, M.A., Laskowski, P., and Silva, L., Evaluating Information Visualization via the Interplay of Heuristic Evaluation and Question-Based Scoring, CHI 2016. pdf   video   auxiliary materials zip
  • Booten, K., and Hearst, M.A., Patterns of Wisdom: Discourse Level Style in Multi-Sentence Quotations, Proceedings of NAACL 2016. pdf
  • Gagliano, A., Paul, E., Booten, K., and Hearst, M.A., Intersecting Word Vectors to Take Figurative Language to New Heights, Workshop on Computational Linguistics for Literature, NAACL 2016. pdf
  • Milli, S., and Hearst, M.A., Augmenting Course Material with Open Access Textbooks, BEA Workshop, NAACL 2016. pdf
  • Hearst, M. A., Active Learning Assignments for Student Acquisition of Design Principles, Workshop on Pedagogy of Data Visualization, IEEE Vis, Oct 23, 2016. pdf
  • Riedl, C., Zanibbi, R., Hearst, M.A., Zhu, S., Menietti, M., Crusan, J., Metelsky, I., and Lakhani, K.R., Detecting Figures and Part Labels in Patents: Competition-Based Development of Graphics Recognition Algorithms, International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition, Feb 20, 2016. pdf
  • Hearst, M. This is the Science News Essay You Want to Read, Response to Annual Question: What do you consider the most interesting recent [scientific] news?, 2016.


  • Hearst, M.A., Can Natural Language Processing Become Natural Language Coaching?, ACL 2015 pdf  slides
  • Head, A., Appachu, C., Hearst, M.A., Hartmann, B. Tutorons: Generating Context-Relevant, On-Demand Explanations and Demonstrations of Online Code, VL/HCC 2015, October 2015. pdf
  • Hearst, M.A., Adar, E., Kosara, R., Munzner, T. Schwabisch, J., and Shneiderman, B. Vis, The Next Generation: Teaching Across the Researcher-Practitioner Gap, Panel for IEEE Infoviz, October 2015.  pdf
    Slides on Teaching as Coaching from IEEE Infoviz
  • Appleman, Gupta, Rajagopal, Shishido, Hearst, Exploring Data For Fun And Profit: Case Study of Jeopardy! Poster, IEEE Infoviz, October, 2015.  pdf
  • Anand, D., DeSouza, A., Shreyas, Sharma, S., Starostenko, V., Ryokai, K., Hearst, M.A., Wordcraft: Playing with Sentence Structure, Work in Progress, ACM CHI Play, 2015.  pdf
  • Coetzee, D., Lim, S., Fox, A., Hartmann, B., and Hearst, M.A., Structuring Interactions for Large-Scale Synchronous Peer Learning, CSCW 2015. pdf
  • Hearst, M.A., Coetzee, D., Fox, A., and Hartmann, B., All It Takes Is One: Evidence for a Strategy for Seeding Large Scale Peer Learning Interactions, Work in Progress track, ACM Learning at Scale 2015. pdf
  • Hearst, M. eGaia, Response to Annual Question: What do you think about machines that think?, 2015.


  • Fox, A., Hearst, M.A., and Chi, M.T.H. (Eds.), Proceedings of the First ACM Conference on Learning At Scale, L@S 2014, March 2014.  Online Proceedings
  • Hearst, M.A., What's Missing from Collaborative Search?, IEEE Computer, Special Issue on Collaborative Information Seeking, 47 (3), March 2014. pdf
  • Muralidharan, A., and Hearst, M.A., Improving the Recognizability of Syntactic Relations Using Contextualized Examples, Proceedings of ACL 2014, Short Paper Track.   pdf
  • Alspaugh, S., Chen, B., Lin, J., Ganapathi, A., Hearst, M.A., Katz, R., Analyzing Log Analysis: An Empirical Study of User Log Mining, USENIX LISA 2014. pdf
  • Coetzee, D., Fox, A., Hearst, M.A., and Hartmann, B. Should your MOOC Forum Use a Reputation System? CSCW 2014. pdf
  • Stephens-Martinez, K., Hearst, M.A., and Fox, A., Monitoring MOOCs: Which Information Sources Do Instructors Value?, ACM Learning At Scale 2014. pdf
  • Coetzee, D., Fox, A., Hearst, M.A., and Hartmann, B. Chatrooms in MOOCs; All talk and no action, ACM Learning at Scale 2014. pdf
  • Lim, S., Coetzee, D., Hartmann, B., Fox, A., and Hearst, M.A., Initial Experiences with Small Group Discussions in MOOCs, Work in Progress, ACM Learning at Scale 2014. pdf
  • Kong, N., Hearst, M.A., and Agrawala, M., Extracting References Between Text and Charts via Crowdsourcing, Proceedings of CHI 2014.   pdf  video
  • Ginosar, S. and Hearst, M.A., A Study of the Use of Current Speech Recognition in an Information-Intensive Task, Workshop on Designing Speech and Language Interactions, CHI 2014. pdf
  • Aguilar, A., Shreyas, Yoshihara, K., and Hearst, M.A., Obidroid: Monitoring the Android App Store for Unfair or Deceptive Practices, Poster in Proceedings in the Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS 2014)pdf
  • Alspaugh, S., Ganapathi, A., Hearst, M.A., and Katz, R., Better Logging to Improve Interactive Data Analysis Tools, Workshop on Interactive Data Exploration and Analysis (IDEA), KDD 2014, NY NY.  pdf


  • Hearst, M.A. and Degler, D., Sewing the Seams of Sensemaking: A Practical Interface for Tagging and Organizing Saved Search Results, HCIR 2013. pdf  slides 
  • Nakov, P., and Hearst, M.A., Semantic Interpretation of Noun Compounds Using Verbal and Other Paraphrases, ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing, special issue on Multiword Expressions, 10 (3), 2013. pdf
  • Muralidharan, A., Hearst, M.A., and Fan, C., WordSeer: A Knowledge Synthesis Environment for Textual Data, CIKM 2013 Demo Track. pdf
  • Alspaugh, S., Ganapathi, A., Hearst, M.A., and Katz, R. Building Blocks for Exploratory Data Analysis, Workshop on Interactive Data Exploration and Analysis (IDEA), KDD 2013. pdf
  • Robson, C., Hearst, M.A., Kau, C., and Pierce, J., Comparing the Use of Social Networking and Traditional Media Channels for Promoting Citizen Science, CSCW 2013pdf
  • Luo, J. and Wing, C., and Yang, H., and Hearst, M.A., The Water Filling Model and The Cube Test: Multi-Dimensional Evaluation for Professional Search, CIKM 2013. pdf


  • Muralidharan, A. and Hearst, M.A., Supporting Exploratory Text Analysis in Literature Study, Literary and Linguistic Computing, 27 (4), Dec 24, 2012.   html   pdf
  • Divoli, A., Nakov, P., and Hearst, M., Do Peers See More in a Paper than its Authors?, Advances in Bioinformatics, special issue on Literature Mining Solutions for Life Science Research, Volume 2012.   html  pdf
  • Muralidharan, A. and Hearst, M.A., Finding Literary Themes with Relevance Feedback, HCIR 2012, Oct 2012. pdf
  • Muralidharan, A. and Hearst, M.A., A sensemaking environment for literary text, Works in Progress, CHI 2012. pdf
  • Hearst, M. Why Programs Have Bugs, Response to Annual Question: What is your favorite deep, elegant, or beautiful explanation?, 2012.


  • Hearst, M.A., 'Natural' Search User Interfaces, Communications of the ACM, November 2011, 54 (11), p. 60-67 . html , pdf
  • Muralidharan, A. and Hearst, M.A., WordSeer: Exploring Language Use in Literary Text, HCIR 2011, Oct 2011. pdf
  • Hearst, M. User Interfaces for Search, Chapter 2 of Modern Information Retrieval: The Concepts and Technology behind Search (2nd Edition), Addison Wesley, 2011. official chapter pdf   unofficial chapter pdf, but includes the references   the book
  • Hearst, M. Findex Response to Annual Question: What scientific concept would improve everybody's cognitive toolkit?, 2011.


  • Divoli, A., Wooldridge, M., and Hearst, M.A. Full Text and Figure Display Improves Bioscience Literature Search, PLoS ONE 5(4): e9619, April 2010.   html
  • Hearst, M.A., Cohen, W., and Gosling, S. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM 2010), Washington, D.C., May 23–26, AAAI Press, 2010. Online Proceedings
  • Hearst, M.A. Setting the Right Conditions for Collaboration, GSA Intergovernmental Solutions Newsletter, special issue on Government by Collaboration, Spring 2010, p. 16-17.   pdf
  • Hearst, M. I Now Expect to Hear What Other People Think, Response to Annual Question: How is the internet changing the way you think?, 2010.


  • Hearst, M.A. Search User Interfaces, Cambridge University Press, September, 2009. Read it online.
  • Hearst, M.A. and Stoica, E., NLP Support for Faceted Navigation in Scholarly Collections, ACL 2009 Workshop on Text and Citation Analysis for Scholarly Digital libraries (NLPIR4DL), 2009.   pdf
  • Agichtein, E., Hearst, M.A., Soboroff, I., The Search and Social Media Workshop at SIGIR 2009, SIGIR Forum 43(2), 2009.   pdf
  • Hearst, M.A. and Dumais, S. Blogging Together: An Examination of Group Blogs, 3rd International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM 2009), San Jose, CA 2009.  pdf
  • Nagarajan, M. and Hearst, M.A., An Examination of Language Use in Online Dating Profiles, 3rd International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM 2009), San Jose, CA 2009.  pdf
  • Hearst, M. The Decline of Text, Response to Annual Question: What will change everything?, 2009.


  • Hearst, M.A., Hurst, M., and Dumais, S. T., What Should Blog Search Look Like? Position paper in the Search and Social Media Workshop, CIKM 2008.   pdf
  • Hearst, M. UIs for Faceted Navigation: Recent Advances and Remaining Open Problems. In the Workshop on Human-Computer Interaction and Information Retrieval, HCIR 2008, Redmond, WA. pdf
  • Hearst, M.A., and Rosner, D., Tag Clouds: Data Analysis Tool or Social Signaller? In HICSS 2008, Social Spaces minitrack.   pdf
      (A more informal version: Hearst, M. What's up with Tag Clouds? Invited contribution, Visual Business Intelligence Newsletter,, May 2008. pdf)
  • Divoli, A., Hearst, M.A., Wooldridge, M.A., Evidence for Showing Gene/Protein Name Suggestions in Bioscience Literature Search Interfaces, in Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB), 2008.  pdf
  • Fiore, A.T., Taylor, L.S., Mendelsohn, G.A., and Hearst, M.A., Assessing Attractiveness in Online Dating Profiles, in the Proceedings of CHI 2008. pdf
  • Nakov, P., and Hearst, M.A., Solving Relational Similarity Problems Using the Web as a Corpus, in the Proceedings of ACL/HLT, 2008. pdf
  • Kaisser, M., Hearst, M.A., and Lowe, J.B., Improving Search Results Quality by Customizing Summary Lengths, in the Proceedings of ACL/HLT, 2008. pdf
  • Hearst, M. Computational Analysis of Language Requires Understanding Language, Response to Annual Question: What have you changed your mind about?, 2008.


  • Hearst, Divoli, Guturu, Ksikes, Nakov, Wooldridge, and Ye, BioText Search Engine: beyond abstract search, Bioinformatics, June, 2007,   pdf
  • Hearst, M.A., Divoli, A., Wooldridge, M.A, and Ye, J., Exploring the efficacy of caption search for bioscience journal search interfaces, in the Proceedings of BioNLP 2007, ACL 2007 Workshop.   pdf
  • Schwartz, A., Divoli, A., and Hearst, M.A., Multiple Alignment of Citation Sentences with Conditional Random Fields and Posterior Decoding in the Proceedings of EMNLP-CoNLL-2007.   pdf
  • Stoica, E., Hearst, M., and Richardson, M., Automating Creation of Hierarchical Faceted Metadata Structures, in the Proceedings of NAACL/HLT 2007, Rochester, NY, April 2007.   pdf
  • Boshernitsan, M., Graham, S.L., and Hearst, M., Aligning Development Tools with the Way Programmers Think About Code Changes, in the Proceedings of CHI 2007, San Jose, April 2007.   pdf
  • Hearst, M. The Rise of Usability, Response to Annual Question: What are you optimistic about?, 2007.


  • Hearst, M. Clustering versus Faceted Categories for Information Exploration, in Communications of the ACM 49(4), April, 2006. pdf
  • Hearst, M., Design Recommendations for Hierarchical Faceted Search Interfaces, in the ACM SIGIR Workshop on Faceted Search, August, 2006. pdf
  • Nakov, P. and Hearst, M., Using Verbs to Characterize Noun-Noun Relations, in the Proceedings of AIMSA 2006, Bulgaria, September 2006. pdf
  • Yee, K-P., Wagner, D., Hearst, M., and Bellovin, S. Prerendered User Interfaces for High-Assurance Electronic Voting. In Proceedings of the USENIX/ACCURATE Electronic Voting Technology Workshop, Vancouver, July, 2006. pdf
  • Stoica, E., and Hearst, M. Predicting Gene Functions from Text Using a Cross-Species Approach, in the 2006 Pacific Biocomputing Symposium PSB'06), Maui, HI.   pdf
  • Dhamija, R., Tygar, J. D., and Hearst, M., Why Phishing Works, in the Proceedings of CHI 2006, Montreal, April 2006. pdf
  • Hearst, M., Information Visualization for Peer Patent Examination, Peer2Patent Advisory Workshop, December 7, 2006.   pdf


  • Rosario, B, and Hearst, M. Multi-way Relation Classification: Application to Protein-Protein Interactions, in HLT/EMNLP'05, Vancouver, 2005.   pdf
  • Nakov, P., and Hearst, M., Using the Web as an Implicit Training Set: Application to Structural Ambiguity Resolution, in HLT/EMNLP'05, Vancouver, 2005. pdf
  • Nakov, P.. and Hearst, M. A Study of Using Search Engine Page Hits as a Proxy for n-gram Frequencies, in RANLP'05, Borovets, Bulgaria, 2005  pdf
  • Aragon, C. and Hearst, M., Improving Aviation Safety with Information Visualization: A Flight Simulation Study, in the Proceedings of CHI 2005, Portland, OR, April 2005. pdf
  • Snydal, J. and Hearst, M. ImproViz: Visual Explorations of Jazz Improvizations, in the Proceedings of CHI 2005 Conference Companion, Portland, OR, April 2005. pdf
  • Nakov, P., and Hearst, M. Search Engine Statistics Beyond the n-gram: Application to Noun Compound Bracketing, in the Proceedings of CoNLL-2005, Ninth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning, Ann Arbor, MI, June 2005. pdf
  • Hearst, M. Teaching Applied Natural Language Processing: Triumphs and Tribulations, ACL 2005 Workshop on Effective Tools and Methodologies for Teaching Natural Language Processing And Computational Linguistics, Ann Arbor, MI, June 2005. pdf
  • Nakov, P., Schwartz, A., Wolf, B, and Hearst, M. Scaling Up BioNLP: Application of a Text Annotation Architecture to Noun Compound Bracketing, in ACL/ISMB BioLINK SIG: Linking Literature, Information and Knowledge for Biology, Detroit, MI, June 2005. pdf
  • Nakov,P., Schwartz, A., Wolf, B., Hearst, M., Supporting Annotation Layers for Natural Language Processing, in the ACL 2005 Poster/Demo Track, Ann Arbor, MI, June 2005. pdf
  • Hearst, M., The HCI Emphasis at UC Berkeley's SIMS, CHI 2005 workshop on Graduate Education in Human-Computer Interaction, Portland, OR, April 2005. pdf
  • Yee, K-P, and Hearst, M. Content-Centered Discussion Mapping, Online Deliberation 2005 / DIAC-2005, Palo Alto, CA, June 2005. pdf
  • Nakov, P, Schwartz, A. S., Stoica, E., Hearst, M., BioText Team Experiments for the TREC 2004 Genomics Track Proceedings of TREC 2004 Gaithersburg, MD, 2005. pdf
  • Hearst, M. The Search Problem is Solvable, Response to Annual Question: What do you believe is true even though you cannot prove it?, 2005.


  • Rosario, B. and Hearst, M., Classifying Semantic Relations in Bioscience Text, in the Proceedings of ACL 2004.   pdf
  • Nakov, P., Schwartz, A., and Hearst, M., Citances: Citation Sentences for Semantic Analysis of Bioscience Text, in the SIGIR'04 Workshop on Search and Discovery in Bioinformatics.   pdf
  • Oliver, D. Bhalotia, G., Schwartz, A. S., Altman, B., Hearst, M. Tools for Loading MEDLINE into a Local Relational Database, BMC Bioinformatics, 5 (146), Oct 2004. pdf
  • Stoica, E. and Hearst, M. Nearly-Automated Metadata Hierarchy Creation, in the Companion Proceedings of HLT-NAACL'04, Boston, May 2004. pdf
  • Bhalotia, G., Nakov, P., Schwartz, A.S., Hearst, M.A., BioText Team Report for the TREC 2003 Genomics Track, Proceedings of TREC 2003, Gaithersburg, MD, 2004. pdf
  • Hearst, M. Hearst's Law, Response to Annual Question: What's your law?, 2004.


  • Hearst, M. and Ostendorf, M. (Eds.) The Proceedings of HLT-NAACL'03, Edmonton, Canada, May 2003. website
  • Nakov, P. and Hearst, M., Category-based Pseudowords, in the Companion Volume of the Proceedings of HLT-NAACL'03, May 2003. pdf
  • Yee, K-P., Swearingen, K., Li, K., and Hearst, M., Faceted Metadata for Image Search and Browsing, in CHI 2003. pdf
  • Schwartz, A., and Hearst, M., A Simple Algorithm for Identifying Abbreviation Definitions in Biomedical Text, in the Proceedings of the Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB 2003) Kauai, Jan 2003. pdf
  • What is Text Mining? Unpublished essay, Oct 2003. html


  • Hearst, M., Elliott, A., English, J., Sinha, R., Swearingen, K., and Yee, P., Finding the Flow in Web Site Search, Communications of the ACM, 45 (9), September 2002, pp.42-49. pdf
  • Rosario, B, Hearst, M., and Fillmore, C., The Descent of Hierarchy, and Selection in Relational Semantics, in the Proceedings of ACL '02, Philadelphia, PA, July 2002. pdf  ps
  • Ivory, M. and Hearst, M. Improving Web Site Design in IEEE Internet Computing, 6 (2), March/April 2002, 56-63 2002. pdf 
  • Ivory, M. and Hearst, M. Statistical Profiles of Highly-Rated Web Sites in CHI 2002, ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2002. pdf 
  • Pevzner, L., and Hearst, M., A Critique and Improvement of an Evaluation Metric for Text Segmentation, Computational Linguistics,, 28 (1), March 2002, pp. 19-36. pdf  ps
  • Elliott, A., and Hearst, M., A Comparison of the Affordances of a Digital Desk and Tablet for Architectural Image Use Tasks, in the International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 56 (2), February 2002, 173-197. pdf  ps


  • Ivory, M., Sinha, R., and Hearst, M. Empirically Validated Web Page Design Metrics in CHI 2001, ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2001. html ps pdf 
  • Rosario, B. and Hearst, M., Classifying the Semantic Relations in Noun Compounds via a Domain-Specific Lexical Hierarchy, in the Proceedings of EMNLP '01, Pittsburgh, PA, July 2001.   pdf  ps
  • Yee, K-P, Fisher, D., Dhamija, R., and Hearst, M., Animated Exploration of Graphs with Radial Layout, in IEEE Infovis Symposium, San Diego, 2001. word ps
  • Ivory, M. and Hearst, M., The State of the Art in Automated Usability Evaluation of User Interfaces, in ACM Computing Surveys, 33 (4), December 2001, pp. 173-197. pdf  (47 pages long)
  • Sinha, R., Hearst, M., Ivory, M, and Draisin, M. Content or Graphics? An Empirical Analysis of Criteria for Award-Winning Websites, in the Proceedings of the 7th Conference on Human Factors and the Web, June 2001 html


  • Ivory, M., Sinha, R., and Hearst, M. Preliminary Findings on Quantitative Measures for Distinguishing Highly Rated Information-Centric Web Pages in the Proceedings of 6th Conference on Human Factors and the Web, (HFWeb), Austin, Texas, 2000. html ps pdf 
  • Elliott, A. and Hearst, M. How Large Should a Digital Desk Be? Qualitative Results of a Comparative Study in the Proceedings of CHI 2000, Conference Companion, The Hague, Netherlands, 2000. pdf (71K)
  • Hearst, M., Next Generation Web Search: Setting Our Sites, In IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin, Special issue on Next Generation Web Search, Luis Gravano (Ed.), September 2000. pdf   html
  • Hearst, M.A. (Ed.), Kukich, K., Hirschman, L., Breck, E., Light, M., Burge,J., Ferro, L., Landauer, T. K., Laham, D., and Foltz, P. W., The Debate on Automated Essay Grading, in IEEE Intelligent Systems (Sept/Oct 2000) pdf
  • Hearst, M., and Hirsh, H. (Eds.), AI's Greatest Trends & Controversies, IEEE Intelligent Systems, Trends & Controversies feature, 15 (1), January-February, 2000. pdf


  • Hearst, M. Untangling Text Data Mining, in the Proceedings of ACL'99: the 37th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, University of Maryland, June 20-26, 1999 (invited paper). html   pdf
  • Hearst, M. User Interfaces and Visualization, in Modern Information Retrieval edited by Ricardo Baeza-Yates and Berthier Ribeiro-Neto, Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Company, 1999. html
  • Chen, M., Hearst, M., Hong, J., and Lin, J. Cha-Cha: A System for Organizing Intranet Search Results in the Proceedings of the 2nd USENIX Symposium on Internet Technologies and SYSTEMS (USITS), Boulder, CO, October 11-14, 1999. html pdf ps (gz) (670K)
  • Pratt, W., Hearst, M, and Fagan, L. A Knowledge-Based Approach to Organizing Retrieved Documents. AAAI-99: Proceedings of the Sixteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Orlando, Florida, 1999. pdf (104K)
  • Hearst, M.,  The Use of Categories and Clusters for Organizing Retrieval Results, in Natural Language Information Retrieval, Strzalkowski (ed.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999. pdf (500K) ps (7.9M)
  • Glaser, D. and Hearst, M. Space Series: Simultaneous display of spatial and temporal data. In the proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization (late-breaking results), October 1999. html pdf (160K)
  • Hearst, M. When Information Technology Goes Social. IEEE Intelligent Systems (Jan/Feb 1999) as part of a suite of three essays by Hearst, M., Grudin, J., and Wellman, B., The changing relationship between information technology and society. pdf (260K)
  • Hearst, M. (Ed.), Allen J. E., Guinn, C. I., Horvitz, E., Mixed-Initiative Interaction, IEEE Intelligent Systems, Trends & Controversies feature, 14 (5), September-October 1999. pdf
  • Hearst, M. (Ed.), Hanson, R.D., Stork, D.G., Building Intelligent Systems One E-Citizen at a Time, IEEE Intelligent Systems, Trends & Controversies feature, 14 (3), May-June 1999. pdf


  • Hearst, M., Automated Discovery of WordNet Relations, in WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, Christiane Fellbaum (ed.), MIT Press, 1998.   pdf
  • Chen, F., Hearst, M., Kimber, D., Kupiec, J., Pedersen, J., Wilcox, L. Metadata For Mixed-Media Access, in Sheth and Klas (eds), Multimedia Data Management: Using Metadata to Integrate and Apply Digital Data, McGraw Hill, 1998. pdf
  • Chen, M. and Hearst, M., Presenting Web Site Search Results in Context: A Demonstration, SIGIR Demo Track Melbourne, Australia, August 1998. pdf
  • Hearst, M.A., Innovations in electronic academic publishing, IEEE Intelligent Systems, 13 (1), Jan-Feb, 1998, as part of a suite of four essays by Hearst, Wellman & Minton, Sim, and Lesk. pdf (1.1M)
  • Hearst, M. (Ed.), Levy, A.Y., Knoblock, C., Minton, S. and Cohen, W., Information Integration, IEEE Intelligent Systems, Trends & Controversies feature, 13 (5), September-October 1998. pdf
  • Hearst, M. (Ed.), Dumais, S.T., Osuna, E. Platt, J. Scholkopf, B., Support Vector Machines, IEEE Intelligent Systems, Trends & Controversies feature, 13 (4), July-August 1998. pdf
  • Hearst, M. (Ed.), Gross, M.D., Landay, J.A., Stahovich, T.F., Sketching Intelligent Systems, IEEE Intelligent Systems, Trends & Controversies feature, 13 (3), May-June 1998. pdf


  • Hearst, M. Interfaces for Searching the Web Scientific American, March 1997. html
  • Hearst, M. and Karadi, C. Cat-a-Cone: An Interactive Interface for Specifying Searches and Viewing Retrieval Results using a Large Category Hierarchy, Proceedings of the 20th Annual International ACM/SIGIR Conference , Philadelphia, PA, July 1997. pdf ps (7.8M) ps (gz) html
  • Hearst, M., TextTiling: Segmenting Text into Multi-Paragraph Subtopic Passages, Computational Linguistics, 23 (1), pp. 33-64, March 1997.   pdf   ps (gz)
  • Palmer, D., and Hearst, M., Adaptive Multilingual Sentence Boundary Disambiguation, Computational Linguistics, 23 (2), 241-267, June 1997. pdf   ps (1.3M)
  • Hearst, M. and Karadi, C., Searching and Browsing Text Collections with Large Category Hierarchies, ACM CHI Conference Companion, Atlanta, GA, March 1997.
  • Hearst, M.A.(Ed.), Draper, D, Madigan, D., Breiman, L., Buntine, W. Banter on Bayes: debating the usefulness of Bayesian approaches to solving practical problems. IEEE Expert Trends & Controversies feature, 12(6), Nov-Dec, 1997. pdf
  • Hearst, M.A. (Ed.), Albers, M.C., Barrass, S., Brewster, S., and Mynatt, E.D. Dissonance on audio interfaces, IEEE Expert, Trends & Controversies feature, 12(5), Sept-Oct, 1997. pdf
  • Hearst, M.A.(Ed.), Evolution-based Computational Models of Cognition, IEEE Expert Trends & Controversies feature, 12(6), July-August, 1997.
  • Hearst, M.A. (Ed.), The role of aesthetics in intelligent systems IEEE Expert, Trends & Controversies feature, 12(3), May-June, 1997.


  • Hearst, M. and Pedersen, J. Reexamining the Cluster Hypothesis: Scatter/Gather on Retrieval Results, Proceedings of 19th Annual International ACM/SIGIR Conference, Zurich, 1996. pdf ps (1.3M) ps (gz) html
  • Sahami, M., Hearst, M., and Saund, E., Applying the Multiple Cause Mixture Model to Text Categorization, in the Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML), Bari (Italy), July 3-6th, 1996. pdf
  • Pirolli, P., Schank, P., Hearst, M.A., Diehl, M., Scatter/Gather browsing communicates the topic structure of a very large text collection, in the Proceedings of CHI 1996, Vancouver, April 1996. pdf
  • Hearst, M. Research in Support of Digital Libraries at Xerox PARC. Part I: The Changing Social Roles of Documents, D-Lib Magazine, May 1996. html (at CNRI)
  • Hearst, M., Kopec, G., and Brotsky, D. Research in Support of Digital Libraries at Xerox PARC. Part II: Digital and Paper Documents, D-Lib Magazine, June 1996. html (at CNRI)
  • Hearst, M., Improving Full-Text Precision on Short Queries using Simple Constraints, Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Symposium on Document Analysis and Information Retrieval (SDAIR), Las Vegas, NV, April 1996. pdf ps (1.3M) ps (gz)
  • Hearst, M., Pedersen, J., Pirolli, P., Schütze, H., Grefenstette, G. and Hull, D., Four TREC-4 Tracks: the Xerox Site Report, Proceedings of the Fourth Text REtrieval Conference (TREC-4), Donna Harman (ed.), Nov 1-3, Arlington, VA, 1996. pdf   ps (gz)


  • Hearst, M., Pedersen, J., and Karger, D., Scatter/Gather as a Tool for the Analysis of Retrieval Results, Working Notes of the AAAI Fall Symposium on AI Applications in Knowledge Navigation, Cambridge, MA, November 1995, ps (2.2M) ps (gz)
  • Hearst, M. TileBars: Visualization of Term Distribution Information in Full Text Information Access, Proceedings of the ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI), Denver, CO, 1995. pdf ps (6.5M) ps (gz) html (at sigchi)
  • Hearst, M. and Pedersen, J., Revealing Collection Structure through Information Access Interfaces, IJCAI Video Track, Montreal, Canada, 1995.


  • Hearst, M. Using Categories to Provide Context for Full-Text Retrieval Results, Proceedings of RIAO,Intelligent Multimedia Information Retrieval Systems and Management, Rockefeller University, NY, NY, Oct 1994. pdf ps (3M) ps (gz)
  • Palmer, D., and Hearst, M. Adaptive Sentence Boundary Disambiguation, Proceedings of the Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing, Stuttgart, Germany, Oct 1994. pdf ps (133K) ps (gz)
  • Hearst, M. Multi-Paragraph Segmentation of Expository Text, Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL 1994), Las Cruces, NM, June 1994. pdf ps (200K) ps (gz) html
  • Hearst, M. Context and Structure in Automated Full-Text Information Access, PhD Thesis, UC Berkeley Computer Science Technical Report number UCB/CSD-94/836, April 1994. pdf ps (10M) ps (gz)


  • Hearst, M. and Plaunt, C. Subtopic Structuring for Full-Length Document Access, Proceedings of the 16th Annual International ACM/SIGIR Conference, Pittsburgh, PA. 1993. pdf ps (232K) ps (gz) html
  • Resnik, P., and Hearst, M., Structural ambiguity and conceptual relations, Proceedings of the Workshop on Very Large Corpora, Ohio State University, June 22, 1993. pdf
  • Hearst, M. and Schütze, H. Customizing a Lexicon to Better Suit a Computational Task, Proceedings of the ACL SIGLEX Workshop on Lexical Acquisition, Columbus, OH. June 1993.
    (A revised version appears in Corpus Processing for Lexical Acquisition, Bran Boguraev and James Pustejovsky (eds.), MIT Press, 1996.) pdf ps ps (gz)


  • Hearst, M. Automatic Acquisition of Hyponyms from Large Text Corpora, Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Nantes, France, July 1992. pdf ps ps (gz)
  • Hearst, M. Direction-Based Text Interpretation as an Information Access Refinement, in Text-Based Intelligent Systems, Paul Jacobs (Ed.), Lawrence Erlbaum, 1992. pdf ps
  • Hearst, M., and Grefenstette, G. Refining automatically-discovered lexical relations: Combining weak techniques for stronger results. AAAI Workshop on Statistically-Based Natural Language Programming Techniques, Stanford University, 1992. pdf


  • Hearst, M. Noun Homograph Disambiguation using Local Context in Large Text Corpora, Proceedings of the 7th Annual Conference of the UW Centre for the New OED and Text Research: Using Corpora, Oxford, 1991. pdf ps
  • Jaramillo, N. and Hearst, M. Acquiring the Semantics of Simple Phrasal Patterns Using COBUILD, Machine Learning of Natural Language and Ontology: Proceedings from the AAAI Spring Symposium, Stanford, CA, March 1991.


  • Hearst, M., A Hybrid Approach to Restricted Text Interpretation, AAAI Spring Symposium on Text Based Intelligent Systems, Stanford University, March 1990. pdf