Passthoughts: User Authentication Using Brainwaves
With the embedding of EEG (electro-encephalography) sensors in mobile headsets, sunglasses, and other wearable consumer devices, authenticating users based on their brainwave signals has become a realistic possibility. Through a series of experimental studies, we have successfully accomplished the following:
Logging in with Your Thoughts?
One-Step, Three-Factor Passthought Authentication with Custom-Fit, In-Ear EEG
Faking it, Making it: Fooling and Improving Brain-Based Authentication with Generative Adversarial Networks
Exploring the Feasibility and Performance of One-Step Three-Factor Authentication with Ear-EEG
From Scanning Brains to Reading Minds: Talking to Engineers about Brain-Computer Interface
Is the Future of Authenticity All In Our Heads? Moving Passthoughts From the Lab to the World
One-Step, Three-Factor Authentication in a Single Earpiece
Passthoughts Authentication with Low Cost EarEEG
Passthoughts on the Go: Effect of Exercise on EEG Authentication (Extended Version)
Improving Physiological Signal Classification Using Logarithmic Quantization and a Progressive Calibration Technique
My Thoughts are Not Your Thoughts: Robustness of Brainwave Signal Authentication Against Impersonation Attacks
One-Step Two-Factor Authentication with Wearable Bio-Sensors
I Think, Therefore I Am: Usability and Security of Authentication Using Brainwaves
Media CoverageOur research has been covered by over 300 international media outlets, including:
Videos and AnimationsBBC Click: Could passthoughts replace the password?
CalConnect: Brainwaves and Passthoughts
KRON4 News: Brainwaves as passwords
Igor Bastidas for Neo.Life: When Computers Read Your Mind, You'll Need a Great Passthought
Funding SupportThis research has ben supported in part by the National Science Foundation under award CCF-0424422 (TRUST), by a Google Faculty Research Award, and by the UC Berkeley Center for Long-Term Cybersecurity and the Hewlett Foundation.