School of Information Management & Systems.   Spring 2003.   M. Buckland.

Bibliographic style .

There are two really important rules: Enough information must be supplied to identify the source unambiguously and the description provided must be accurate. Also, consistency is desirable.
    Books: Include at least, in this order: author/main entry, title, publisher, place, date - in that order; more generously add: subtitle, series, vols or pagination. The title and subtitle are usually in italics.
    Articles in periodicals: Include at least: author, title of article, title of journal, volume number, year, pages - in that order; more generously: add issue number and month of issue. The article title is usually in roman font, quotation marks are OK but unnecessary. The journal title, like a book title, is usually in italics. Before wordprocessing, typewriters did not have italics, so underline was used as a substitute. With wordprocessing, use of italics is recommended.
    For documents for use on campus (including course work) give library and call number if known.
    Practice varies between publishers and between disciplines. Publishers require adherence to their "house style" concerning exact details of presentation: Spell out forenames, invert forenames/initials of second author, italicise title, punctuation, &c. Journals usually print "Instructions to authors" regularly; look at some recent issues to identify required style. For books examine examples of publisher's books and ask for guidelines.
    Best general guide is The Chicago Manual of Style. 15th ed. 2003. 900 pages of detailed guidance on many aspects of writing and book production: punctuation, proof-reading, indexes, spelling, capitalizing, and much more.
    Increasingly, the traditional practice of using numbers in the text to refer to numbered footnotes or endnotes is being replaced by use of "author-date" style: Cite reference in text by mentioning authors name and year of publication, e.g. "Previous theories (Morton 1965; Sanchez 1976) were disproved by Jones (1987)." List of references contains year of publication following authors name:
Morton, J. 1965. A Theory of Style. Oakland: Duncan.

    Information not derived from the document is usually supplied in [square brackets].
    See The Chicago Manual of Style for examples.

    Information found on the Internet and at World Wide Web sites: Specify the address (location), the title, and the date and time seen (and, if known, the date posted). See The Columbia Guide to Online Style by Janice R. Walker and Todd Taylor (Columbia UP, 1998). Summarized at   recommends two options:

Humanities Style:
Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Document." Title of Complete Work [if applicable]. Version or File Number [if applicable]. Document date or date of last revision [if different from access date]. Protocol and address, access path or directories (date of access).

Scientific Style:
Author's Last Name, Initial(s). (Date of document [if different from date accessed)]. Title of document. Title of complete work [if applicable]. Version or File number [if applicable]. (Edition or revision [if applicable]). Protocol and address, access path, or directories (date of access).

Sides, Charles. 1991. How to write and present technical information. Oryx. ENGIN T11.S528 1991
Weiss, Edmond H. 1991. How to write usable user documentation. 2nd ed. Oryx. ENGIN QA76.165 W44 1991 (1st ed. in MAIN)