School of Information
  Previously School of Library & Information Studies

  Michael Buckland.

  Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970:
  Pioneer of Information Science.

*New* 伊曼纽尔·戈德伯格 (Emanuel Goldberg),1881 – 1970年: 信息科学的先锋. Chinese translation by Lynly Loh of Down To Five, 2017.
*New* Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pioneer informační vědy. Czech translation by Ivana Horak, 2017.
*New* Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pionnier de la science de l'information. French translation provided by Danny Sattar of EMFURN.
- Hungarian translation by Elana Pavlet, 2016.
*New* Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pioniere di Scienze dell’informazione. Italian translation by, 2017.
*New* Емануел Голдберг, 1881-1970: Пионер на информатичката наука, Macedonian translation by Katerina Nestiv, 2016.
*New* For German, Portuguese and Russian see similar page: Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Ein Lebensbild.
*New* Эмануэль Гольдберг, 1881-1970 годы, Russian translation by Alex Marchenko, 2017.
    Emanuel Goldberg (Portrait) was born in Moscow, Russia, in 1881, a chemist, inventor, and industrialist who contributed to almost all aspects of imaging technology in the first half of the twentieth century: photographic sensitometry, reprographics, standardized film speeds, color printing (moiré effect), aerial photography, extreme microphotography (microdots), optics, camera design (the Contax), the important, early hand-held Kinamo movie camera, and early television technology. He received his doctorate from Wilhelm Ostwald's institute in Leipzig in 1906.
    The "Goldberg condition" is a design principle for photography and movie sound tracks.
    In 1933, when head of the world's largest camera firm, Zeiss Ikon in Dresden, Germany, he was kidnapped by Nazis and disappeared into oblivion. In fact, he went first to Paris and then to Tel Aviv, where he set up a precision instruments workshop, which became a major Israeli firm, El-Op. (Photo: Goldberg in workshop, 1943). He died in Tel Aviv in 1970.
    In 1931 he demonstrated in Dresden, London and Paris a "Statistical Machine" which combined photocell, circuitry, and microfilm to make a search engine to find and display stored documents. (Description). His paper on it appears to have remained uncited for fifty years. Vannevar Bush attempted to build a similar machine in 1938-1940, calling it a Microfilm Rapid Selector. Bush's fantasy on what such a machine might do, "As we may think", became famous. Goldberg and his machine were forgotten. (Article on Goldberg, Bush, and retrieval).
    Goldberg lived in distant worlds during exciting times: Czarist Russia; the Kingdom of Saxony; the Weimar Republic; Palestine under the Mandate. He did not reminisce much, even to his children; the records of his firms were destroyed by bombing (Dresden) and flood (Israel); his writings are often in obscure German publications; he burned most of his own papers. His successors (Nazis and communists) did not honor Jewish capitalists. Some contributions in Israel are still classified.
    Biography: Emanuel Goldberg and his knowledge machine: Information, invention, and political forces, by Michael Buckland. (Libraries Unlimited, 2006). Link.
Also: Additions, Corrections, and Reviews.
- German edition entitled: Vom Mikrofilm zur Wissensmaschine: Emanuel Goldberg zwischen Medientechnik und Politik. Avinus Verlag, Berlin, 2010. ISBN 978-3-86938-015-5. Link.   Book review.
For other resources see Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Bibliography.
Go to History  or Selection, or to Michael Buckland's Home Page.