School of Information
  Previously School of Library & Information Studies

  Michael Buckland.

  Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970:
  Pioneer of Information Science.

- 伊曼纽尔·戈德伯格 (Emanuel Goldberg),1881 – 1970年: 信息科学的先锋. Chinese translation by Lynly Loh of Down To Five, 2017.
*New* Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: pionir informacijske znanosti. Croatian translation by Milica Novak, May 2018.
- Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pioneer informační vědy. Czech translation by Ivana Horak, Sept 2017.
*New* Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: infoteaduse pioneer. Estonian translation by Martin Aus, June 2018.
- Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pionnier de la science de l'information. French translation provided by Danny Sattar of EMFURN, Dec 2017.
*New* ემანუელ გოლდბერგი, 1881-1970: საინფორმაციო მეცნიერების პიონერი. Georgian transalation by Ana Mirilashvili, April 2018.
- Hungarian translation by Elana Pavlet, 2016.
- Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pioniere di Scienze dell’informazione. Italian translation by, May 2017.
*New* Эмануель Голдберг, 1881-1970: Ақпараттық ғылымның пионері, Kazakh translation by Alana Kerimova, Aug 2018.
- Емануел Голдберг, 1881-1970: Пионер на информатичката наука, Macedonian translation by Katerina Nestiv, 2016.
*New* Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Foregangsperson til Informasjonsvitenskap. Norwegian translation by Lars Olden, April 2018.
- Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pioneer Informacji Naukowej, Polish translation by Marek Murawski, Feb 2018,
*New* ਏਮਾਨਵਲ ਗੋਲਡਬਰਗ, 1881-19 70: ਜਾਣਕਾਰੀ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ ਦੇ ਪਾਇਨੀਅਰ, Punjabi translation by Discountcodes, Sept 2018.
- Эмануэль Гольдберг, 1881-1970 годы, Russian translation by Alex Marchenko, 2017.
- Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pioneer de Ciencias de la Información, Spanish translation by Laura Mancini, Jan 2018.
*New* Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pionjär för informationsvetenskap, Swedish translation by the editorial team, April 2018.
*New*Emanuel Goldberg 1881-1970: Bilgi Bilim Öncü, Turkish translation by Zoltan Solak, August 2018.
- Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: axborot fanining kashshofi, Uzbek translation by Sherali Niyazova, Feb 2018.
- For German, Portuguese and Russian see also: Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Ein Lebensbild.

    Emanuel Goldberg (Portrait) was born in Moscow, Russia, in 1881, a chemist, inventor, and industrialist who contributed to almost all aspects of imaging technology in the first half of the twentieth century: photographic sensitometry, reprographics, standardized film speeds, color printing (moiré effect), aerial photography, extreme microphotography (microdots), optics, camera design (the Contax), the important, early hand-held Kinamo movie camera, and early television technology. He received his doctorate from Wilhelm Ostwald's institute in Leipzig in 1906.
    The "Goldberg condition" is a design principle for photography and movie sound tracks.
    In 1933, when head of the world's largest camera firm, Zeiss Ikon in Dresden, Germany, he was kidnapped by Nazis and disappeared into oblivion. In fact, he went first to Paris and then to Tel Aviv, where he set up a precision instruments workshop, which became a major Israeli firm, El-Op. (Photo: Goldberg in workshop, 1943). He died in Tel Aviv in 1970.
    In 1931 he demonstrated in Dresden, London and Paris a "Statistical Machine" which combined photocell, circuitry, and microfilm to make a search engine to find and display stored documents. (Description). His paper on it appears to have remained uncited for fifty years. Vannevar Bush attempted to build a similar machine in 1938-1940, calling it a Microfilm Rapid Selector. Bush's fantasy on what such a machine might do, "As we may think", became famous. Goldberg and his machine were forgotten. (Article on Goldberg, Bush, and retrieval).
    Goldberg lived in distant worlds during exciting times: Czarist Russia; the Kingdom of Saxony; the Weimar Republic; Palestine under the Mandate. He did not reminisce much, even to his children; the records of his firms were destroyed by bombing (Dresden) and flood (Israel); his writings are often in obscure German publications; he burned most of his own papers. His successors (Nazis and communists) did not honor Jewish capitalists. Some contributions in Israel are still classified.
    Biography: Emanuel Goldberg and his knowledge machine: Information, invention, and political forces, by Michael Buckland. (Libraries Unlimited, 2006). Link.
Also: Additions, Corrections, and Reviews.
- German edition entitled: Vom Mikrofilm zur Wissensmaschine: Emanuel Goldberg zwischen Medientechnik und Politik. Avinus Verlag, Berlin, 2010. ISBN 978-3-86938-015-5. Link.   Book review.
For other resources see Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Bibliography.
Go to History  or Selection, or to Michael Buckland's Home Page.