School of Information
Previously School of Library & Information Studies
Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970:
Pioneer of Information Science.
*New* 伊曼纽尔·戈德伯格 (Emanuel Goldberg)，1881 – 1970年：
信息科学的先锋. Chinese translation by Lynly Loh of Down To Five, 2017.
Goldberg, 1881-1970: Pioneer informační vědy. Czech translation by Ivana Horak, 2017.
*New* Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970:
Pionnier de la science de l'information. French translation
provided by Danny Sattar of EMFURN.
translation by Elana Pavlet, 2016.
Pioniere di Scienze dell’informazione. Italian translation
by Musicscanner.com, 2017.
Голдберг, 1881-1970: Пионер на информатичката наука, Macedonian
translation by Katerina Nestiv, 2016.
*New* For German, Portuguese and Russian see similar page:
Emanuel Goldberg, 1881-1970: Ein Lebensbild.
*New* Эмануэль Гольдберг, 1881-1970
годы, Russian translation by Alex Marchenko, 2017.
Emanuel Goldberg (Portrait)
was born in Moscow, Russia, in 1881,
inventor, and industrialist who contributed to almost all aspects of
imaging technology in the first half of the twentieth century:
photographic sensitometry, reprographics, standardized film speeds,
color printing (moiré effect), aerial photography,
extreme microphotography (microdots), optics, camera design
(the Contax), the important, early hand-held
Kinamo movie camera,
and early television
technology. He received his doctorate from
Wilhelm Ostwald's institute in Leipzig in
The "Goldberg condition" is a design principle for photography and
movie sound tracks.
In 1933, when head of the world's largest camera firm, Zeiss
Ikon in Dresden, Germany, he was kidnapped by Nazis and disappeared
into oblivion. In fact, he went first to Paris and then to Tel Aviv,
where he set up a precision instruments workshop, which became a major
Israeli firm, El-Op.
Goldberg in workshop, 1943).
He died in Tel Aviv in 1970.
In 1931 he demonstrated in Dresden, London and Paris a
"Statistical Machine" which combined photocell, circuitry,
and microfilm to make a search engine to find and display
His paper on it appears to have remained uncited for fifty years.
Vannevar Bush attempted to build a similar machine in 1938-1940, calling
it a Microfilm Rapid Selector. Bush's fantasy on what such a machine
might do, "As we may think", became famous. Goldberg and his machine
(Article on Goldberg, Bush, and retrieval).
Goldberg lived in distant worlds during exciting times: Czarist
Russia; the Kingdom of Saxony; the Weimar Republic; Palestine
under the Mandate. He did not reminisce much, even to his children;
the records of his firms were destroyed by bombing (Dresden) and
flood (Israel); his writings are often in obscure German publications;
he burned most of his own papers. His successors (Nazis and communists)
did not honor Jewish capitalists. Some contributions in Israel are
Biography: Emanuel Goldberg and his knowledge
machine: Information, invention, and political forces, by
Michael Buckland. (Libraries Unlimited, 2006).
- German edition entitled:
Vom Mikrofilm zur Wissensmaschine: Emanuel Goldberg zwischen Medientechnik
und Politik. Avinus Verlag, Berlin, 2010. ISBN 978-3-86938-015-5.
For other resources see Emanuel
Goldberg, 1881-1970: Bibliography.
or to Michael Buckland's