University of California at Berkeley, Spring 2010
Commons-Based Peer Production
Wednesdays, 2:00 p.m. – 4:00 p.m. and Fridays 2:00 p.m - 3:00 p.m. (3 units)
202 South Hall
Instructor: Brian W. Carver (bcarver at ischool dot berkeley dot edu)
207C South Hall
Office Hours: Mondays 10:00-11:00 and 12:30-1:30 and by appointment
Grade and Attendance:
Your grade will be based primarily upon 1) several written progress reports on your chosen project, 2) maintaining a project log/diary, and 3) class participation.
Class participation will consist of leading class discussion at least once and making substantive contributions to the class discussions.
Attendance is expected. If you need to miss all or a portion of a class, I will assume you have a good reason, so you need not detail it for me. If you like, you can simply send me an email letting me know you need to miss, but it is not necessary.
Textbook: Readings available online.
Prerequisites: None; Students from all levels (graduate/undergraduate) and schools on campus are welcome. However, this is a graduate-level course, so interested undergraduates are encouraged to meet with me before enrolling (or before the drop deadline).
Course Description and Goals:
Course Description and Goals (pdf)
Add/Drop Policy: The university determines that the last day to drop without a "W." See the Registrar for more information.
Academic Honesty: U.C. Berkeley's Code of Student Conduct prohibits all forms of academic misconduct including but not limited to cheating, fabrication, plagiarism, or facilitating academic dishonesty. See Policy 102.01 at http://www.ucop.edu/ucophome/coordrev/ucpolicies/aos/uc100.html and http://students.berkeley.edu/uga/conductiii-vii.asp#V It is my policy to pursue the discipline of such misconduct, including, but not limited to, the entering of a grade of F in the course and a notation (or equivalent) on the student's transcript of the reason for same.
Students with disabilities: Students with disabilities who may need accommodations for any sort of disability are invited to make an appointment to see me.
Special Thanks: to Mitch Kapor, Pamela Samuelson, and Steven Weber, whose prior course, Open Source Development & Distribution of Digital Info: Economic, Legal & Social Perspectives, inspired some of this syllabus and to Ian Ferguson and Alex Kozak who assisted in developing the idea for this course.
Wednesday, Jan. 20
Friday, Jan. 22
- Discuss potential projects with your classmates
Wednesday, Jan. 27
- Philosophical and Ethical Motivations of Free Software
- Sam Williams, Free as in Freedom: Richard Stallman's Crusade for Free Software, O'Reilly (Mar. 2002) (Chapter 1: For Want of a Printer).
- Richard Stallman, The GNU Manifesto (1985).
Friday, Jan. 29
- Each student narrows potential projects down to three options and begins answering questions about them.
Wednesday, Feb. 3
- Origins of "Open Source"; Defining "Open Source"
- Eric Raymond, The Cathedral and the Bazaar.
- Brian W. Carver, Share and Share Alike: Understanding and Enforcing Open Source and Free Software Licenses, 20 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 443 (2005) (First 30 pages only, through 472).
- Open Source Initiative, The Open Source Definition.
Friday, Feb. 5
- Each student submits a project proposal.
Wednesday, Feb. 10
- Licenses that Create a Commons
- The GNU General Public License v2
- Brett Smith, A Quick Guide to GPLv3
- Creative Commons Licenses (Review the summaries of all of the licenses. Look at a Commons Deed and browse the Legal Code for at least one of the licenses.)
- Creative Commons, About CC0
- Open Database Commons, ODbL Plain Language Summary (You may also want to read their License FAQ.)
- Anyone still looking for a collaborator on a project is welcome to provide the class with a (less than 5 minute) summary of your proposed project in an effort to build a team.
Friday, Feb. 12
- Try to specify with greater detail the things that you hope to contribute this semester through your chosen project. Set specific goals.
Wednesday, Feb. 17
- Commons-based Music and Music Metadata Production
- ccMixter, Yeah, But is it Legal?
- About a month after submitting a few acoustic guitar tracks to opsound's open sound pool, Colin Mutchler got an email from a violinist named Cora Beth Bridges, who had added a violin track to one of the guitar tracks, "My Life." (direct mp3 link) She called it "My Life Changed." (direct mp3 link) (local copy).
- Becky Hogge, Featured Project: MusicBrainz, Open Knowledge Foundation Blog (Nov. 27, 2009).
- MusicBrainz License.
- Guest Speaker: Robert Kaye, Executive Director of the MetaBrainz Foundation, the non-profit group which operates MusicBrainz.
Wednesday, Feb. 24
- Motivation in Open Source and Free Software Development
- Karim R. Lakhani and Robert G. Wolf, Why Hackers Do What They Do: Understanding Motivation and Effort in Free/Open Source Software Projects, in Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software, 3-21 (p36-54 in pdf), The MIT Press (2005) .
- Rishab Aiyer Ghosh, Understanding Free Software Developers: Findings from the FLOSS Study, in Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software, 23-45 (p56-78 in pdf), The MIT Press (2005).
- Clay Shirky, talk on Cognitive Surplus at Web 2.0 Expo, San Francisco (Apr. 23, 2008) (video 16m 29s).
- Optional Further Reading
- Andrew LaVallee, Only 13% of Wikipedia Contributors Are Women, Study Says, Wall Street Journal (Aug. 31, 2009).
- Viola Krebs, Motivations of cybervolunteers in an applied distributed computing environment: MalariaControl.net as an example, First Monday, Vol. 15, Number 2 - 1 (Feb. 2010).
Wednesday, Mar. 3
- The Economics of Open Source and Free Software
- Elinor Ostrom, Reformulating the Commons (Oct. 30, 1998).
- Josh Lerner and Jean Tirole, Economic Perspectives on Open Source, in Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software, 47-78 (p80-111 in pdf), The MIT Press (2005).
- Eric von Hippel, Open Source Software Projects as “User Innovation Networks”, in Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software, 267-278 (p300-311 in pdf), The MIT Press (2005).
Friday, Mar. 5
- Progress Report
Wednesday, Mar. 10
- Open Source and Free Software Business Models
- Robert Young, Giving it Away: How Red Hat Software Stumbled Across a New Economic Model and Helped Improve an Industry, in Open Sources, 113-126, O'Reilly (1999).
- Brian Behlendorf, Open Source as a Business Strategy, in Open Sources 149-170, O'Reilly (1999).
- Sandeep Krishnamurthy, An Analysis of Open Source Business Models, in Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software, 279-296 (p312-329 in pdf), The MIT Press (2005).
Wednesday, Mar. 17
- Open Educational Resources
- Clay Shirky, Open Source outside the Domain of Software, in Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software, 483-488 (p516-521 in pdf), The MIT Press (2005).
- Frederik Questier & Wim Schreurs, Open Courseware and Open Scientific Publications, in How Open is the Future, 111-134, Brussels University Press (2005).
- Philipp Schmidt, P2PU - learning from open source software (1), Sharing Nicely (Aug. 6, 2009).
- Philipp Schmidt, P2PU - learning from open source software (2), Sharing Nicely (Dec. 1, 2009).
- Guest Speaker: Jan Philipp Schmidt, Co-founder and Director of P2PU, Open Education implementer at University of the Western Cape, and United Nations University, and member of the Board of Directors of the OpenCourseWare Consortium.
- Optional Further Reading
- Daniel E. Atkins, John Seely Brown, & Allen L. Hammond, A Review of the Open Educational Resources (OER) Movement: Achievements, Challenges, and New Opportunities, Report to The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation (Feb. 2007).
- Carolina Almeida Antunes Rossini, Green-Paper: The State and Challenges of OER in Brazil: From Readers to Writers?, Berkman Ctr. Research Pub. No. 2010-01 (Feb. 8, 2010).
Friday, Mar. 19
- Mid-term Progress Report
Wednesday, Mar. 24
- NO CLASS - SPRING BREAK.
Wednesday, Mar. 31
- Wiki Dreams
- Larry Sanger, The Early History of Nupedia and Wikipedia: A Memoir, in Open Sources 2.0., Chapter 20, O'Reilly (2005).
- David A. Hoffman and Salil K. Mehra, Wikitruth Through Wikiorder, 59 Emory Law Journal 151 (2009).
- Denise Anthony, Sean W. Smith and Timothy Williamson, Reputation and Reliability in Collective Goods: The Case of the Online Encyclopedia Wikipedia, 21 Rationality and Society 283 (2009) (Link works on campus or through proxy).
Friday, Apr. 2
- Guest Speaker: Mitch Kapor, Founder of the Open Source Applications Foundation, founding Chair of the Mozilla Foundation, member of the Advisory Board for the Wikimedia Foundation, and member of the Medpedia Board of Advisors.
Wednesday, Apr. 7
- Wiki Data
- Aaron Swartz, Who Writes Wikipedia?, Raw Thought (Sep. 4, 2006).
- Shyong (Tony) K. Lam and John Riedl, Is Wikipedia Growing a Longer Tail?, GROUP '09 Proceedings of the ACM 2009 international conference on Supporting group work (May 2009).
- Ed H. Chi, The slowing growth of Wikipedia: some data, models, and explanations, Augmented Social Cognition (Jul. 22, 2009).
- Bongwon Suh, Gregorio Convertino, Ed H. Chi, Peter Pirolli, The Singularity is Not Near: Slowing Growth of Wikipedia, Proc. of WikiSym 2009 (Oct. 2009).
- Optional Further Reading
- Liz Warren-Pederson, Who Does What On Wikipedia?, RedOrbit (Mar. 5, 2010).
Wednesday, Apr. 14
- Wiki Doubts
- Eric Goldman, Wikipedia Will Fail Within 5 Years, Technology & Marketing Law Blog (Dec. 5, 2005).
- Eric Goldman, Wikipedia Will Fail in Four Years, Technology & Marketing Law Blog (Dec. 5, 2006).
- Evgeny Morozov, Is it the end of Wikipedia?, Boston Review (Nov./Dec. 2009).
- Julia Angwin and Geoffrey A. Fowler, Volunteers Log Off as Wikipedia Ages, Wall Street Journal (Nov. 27, 2009).
- Eric Goldman, Wikipedia's Labor Squeeze and its Consequences, J. Telecom. and High Tech. L. (forthcoming).
- Guest Speaker: Eric Goldman, Associate Professor at Santa Clara University School of Law and Director of the High Tech Law Institute.
Friday, Apr. 16
- Progress Report
Wednesday, Apr. 21
- Open Access Publishing
- Peter Suber, Open Access Overview (Jun. 21, 2004).
- Charles W. Bailey, Jr., What Is Open Access? (Feb. 7, 2006).
- John Willinsky, The Access Principle: The Case for Open Access to Research and Scholarship, Introduction ix-xv (p9-15 of pdf) The MIT Press (2006).
- John Willinsky, The Access Principle: The Case for Open Access to Research and Scholarship, Opening and Access 1-37 (p21-57 of pdf) The MIT Press (2006).
- John Timmer, US government looks to expand scientific open access policy, Ars Technica (Dec. 14, 2009).
- Optional Further Reading
- Federal Research Public Access Act, Alliance for Taxpayer@ccess.
Wednesday, Apr. 28
- Science: the original commons-based peer production?
- Christopher Kelty, Free Science, in Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software, 415-430, The MIT Press (2005).
- Andrew Hessel, Open Source Biology, in Open Sources 2.0., Chapter 18, O'Reilly (2005).
- Victoria Stodden, Enabling Reproducible Research: Licensing for Scientific Innovation, 13 Int'l J. Comm. L. & Pol'y 1 (2009).
- Guest Speaker: Victoria Stodden, Postdoctoral Associate in Law and a Kauffman Fellow in Law at the Information Society Project at Yale Law School, creator of SparseLab, co-chair of the working group on Communities and Virtual Organizations in the NSF's Office of Cyberinfrastructure Task Force on Grand Challenge Communities and